Timeline of MAHABHARATA 3139 B.C

Mahabharat 3139 B.C.

The Great War of Mahabharat between the Pandavas and the Kauravas happened in 3139 BC. The Pandavas, after winning the Mahabharat war, ruled Hastinapur for 36 years and 8 months until the beginning of kaliyug in 3102 BC. Since the Mahabharat war and the beginning of kaliyug were important historical events, they have been widely documented in Bhartiya scriptures and frequently referenced by great scholars such as Mahakavi Kalidas, the greatest poet, writer and the literary figure of his time and Aryabhatt, the greatest astronomer and mathematician. There are astrological, natural, geographical, physical, inscriptional and scriptural evidences that unquestionably establish the date of Mahabharat war as 3139 BC and the beginning of kaliyug as 3102 BC.

History of Hastinapur 

The dynasty of Surya Vansh of Kaushal (Ayodhya) ends with Sumitra (Bhagwatam 9/12/16); the dynasty of Chandra Vansh of Hastinapur ends with Chemak (Bhagwatam 9/22/44, 45); and the dynasties of the kingdom of Magadh flourished up to the Gupt dynasty (80’s BC).The kingdom of Hastinapur, after Chemak, was constantly ruled by the people who took over the throne. An ancient book describing the date-wise chronology of all the kings of Hastinapur (Indraprasth or Delhi) from Yudhishthir up to Vikramaditya was found by the proprietors of the fortnightly magazine of Nathdwara (Rajasthan) called “Harishchandra Chandrika and Mohan Chandrika” in about 1872 AD. The proprietor of the magazine printed the entire description in two of its issues (called kiran) 19 and 20 of 1882.

  The description is detailed to year-month-days of each and every king who ruled. By adding the total number of years of the four dynasties from Yudhishthir to Vikramaditya, it comes to 3,148 years which is 3111 Kali era or 9 AD, which represents the date when Vikramaditya left this earth planet. Vikramaditya ruled Hastinapur for 93 years from 83 BC to 9 AD. Accordingly, the date for the Mahabharat war comes to (3148 – 9 = 3139 BC).
According to the Bhavishya Puran and Rajtarangini, Vikramaditya lived between 102 BC and 15 AD; and according to the above details his period ends by 9 AD. There is only a difference of 6 years in the date-wise record of 70 kings who ruled Hastinapur for 3,055 years. A discrepancy of 6 years in 3,000 years of record could be a copying or printing mistake, and is thus negligible when dealing with a longer span of years.

 Astrological Descriptions

There is a most prestigious, 48 page detailed date-wise journal (panchang) with all the astrological facts and figures called “Vishva Panchangam”, established in 1925 and published by Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalaya (Benares Hindu University), Varanasi. It gives all the three eras: Kali era, Vikram era and (Shalivahan) Shak era. It is as thus:


The greatest astronomer and mathematician, Aryabhatt, was born in 476 AD. His work in astronomy is an asset to the scholars. He gave an accurate figure for pi () 3.1416. He finished his book “Aryabhattiya” in 499 AD in which he gives the exact year of the beginning of kaliyug. He writes, 


“When the three yugas (satyug, tretayug and dwaparyug) have elapsed and 60 x 60 (3,600) years of kaliyug have already passed, I am now 23 years old.” It means that in the 3,601st year of Kali era he was 23 years old. Aryabhatt was born in 476 AD. Thus, the beginning of kaliyug comes to 3,601 – (476 + 23) = 3102 BC.Lord Krishn ascended to His Divine abode at the end of dwaparyug and immediately kaliyug started in 3102 BC. When Bhagwan Krishn left the earth planet and ascended to His Divine abode a catastrophic rain, storm and sea deluge, that lasted for seven days, totally drowned and destroyed Dwarika town. This catastrophe was also recorded in Babylonia’s ancient town Ur (which was mythologized in the West as Noah’s flood) and the ancient Mayan records. The dates of both are the same.


Bhartiya Chronology 3228 BC – 1947



Descension of Bhagwan Krishn


The Mahabharat War
Start of Brihadrath dynasty of Magadh
Start of Yudhisthir dynasty of Hastinapur


Ascension of Bhagwan Krishn
Start of kaliyug


End of Brihadrath dynasty


Pradyot dynasty


Shishunag dynasty


Gautam Buddh




Maurya dynasty


Chandragupt Maurya






Shung and Kanau dynasty


Andhra dynasty


Jagadguru Shankaracharya


Gupt dynasty


Chandragupt Vijayaditya


Alexander’s invasion


Samudragupt Ashokaditya Priyadarshin, or
Ashok the Great


Vikramaditya, established Vikram era in 57 BC





Shalivahan, established Shalivahan Shak era in 78 AD


There were several kingdoms of Rajpoot kings all over
India. They ruled for 1,107 years.


In 1192, Mohammad Gori invaded Delhi (Hastinapur) the
second time, defeated and killed Prithviraj Chauhan, and
became the king. Since then several dynasties of
Muslims ruled India for 565 years.


In 1757 English regime was established in Bengal.
British ruled India for 190 years.


India got Independence



41 thoughts on “Timeline of MAHABHARATA 3139 B.C

  1. Harishbabu Dave says:

    Beautiful explaination given by you which is required for new generation who have laciking of knowledge and what are basic fundamentals of economic, science & politics. I must say you also visit Istabul & have very good experience expalined within no hour stay for mulla nasrudin. I congretulate for your hidden knowledge. Fine – cope-up.

    Harishbabu Dave

  2. Neha Trivedi says:

    Hey vibhashu,

    Very well written… i think all this is very much needed for the new generation…. to know atleast something about it… its really nice short and sweet and gives you all important details which i think everyone should know about.


  3. Sunil says:

    I was surprised to note that according to the dates in the Bhartiya Chronology, Sri Krishna was 89 years old when he fought in the Mahabharata, and he lived to a ripe old age of 126 before he ascended to his Heavenly Abode.
    Another point that surprised me was that the birth of Buddha is marked as1894! I had thought it was around 500BC.

  4. jay says:

    I guess this looks interesting but it needs to be properly studied before taken as referance.
    Time line shows that Maurya Empier existed lot earlier than Alexander’s invasion but in reality they were parralal. Just as Sunil said i am not very sure about the acuracy of this timeline.
    Keep Diggin, good efort though.

  5. shonty says:

    Maurya dynasty 1541 BC?

    You are terribly off by 1200 years friend. Go to any museum and see the timeline as 320 BC.

    Gautama Budhha is totally wrong as well.

    Badly guessed. And I’m totally doubtful of the veracity of the occurrence of Mahabharata either.

  6. sajan says:

    with all due respect ,irrespective of any no. of attempts to prove something that is sheer mythology,u can convince only those with no knowledge of history…….there r several flaws in it.some already mentioned above…..no mention of INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION (2500 B.C.-1500B.C.) which flourished in parts of region mentioned in mahabharata…..neither was their language sanskrit and their script wasn’t Devanagari …..nor they knew anything of horses …..Aryans themselves are believed to have migrated to India from West or central Asia about this period or only after that…….aur bhi bahut hain…..contact me if u wish to know

  7. sajan says:

    JUST IMAGINE……..a language disappears from a region of such great geographical extent for about a 1000 years and then reappears ………miraculous……incredible……THE VEDIC PERIOD itself started about 1500 B.C with the first of vedas RIG VEDA(which is a composition of ten books) and it’s first and last parts r written still later(I have gone thru them in my college library roughly and i have no doubts against the historian’s claim)
    the Ramayana and Mahabharata emanated from popular folk stories or likewise and were compiled firstly in form of epics somewhere after 200 B.C. as PANINI and PATANJALI have made no mention of them

  8. sajan says:

    Moreover in their primitive forms they weren’t as they r today…….it was only a story mentioning a great battle between two clans with least mention of miracles ,incarnations,myths or any such irrational element…….these have been edited over a period of about 1000 years, rewritten over and over again……..for instance GITA having been added later to it (as BUDDHA finished all non-sense in one statement -“IF THERE IS ANY GOD HE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL OUR SUFFERINGS” and a non-materialistic idea was needed to stop people from converting to Buddhism).

  9. Chinmay Hegde says:

    Loved this article and the whole blog content. will be a regular vistor from now on… Am taking the Bhartiya Chronology 3228 BC – 1947 and publishing in my blog… hope you dont mind.
    thanks 🙂

  10. Shrikant says:

    on what basis have u wrote all this do u have any scripture or any kind of preserved document which can justify your explanation

  11. unnikkuttan says:

    not sure about the other dates .. But the dates on Gautam budha is definitely wrong or manipulated. All different findings Old and New ones are betwween 600 BC and 400 BC .. your notes are misleading for the uninformed readers.

  12. Texas says:

    ?? What year was the “bomb” dropped on Mahabharat – – – I hear it is still a dead zone today in the 2000s??

  13. rathi raj says:

    The Ancient India’s history has been recently re-created under the British who denounced anything which was indigenous in order to prove their supremacy in knowledge of history. This was done deliberately to undermine the Indian culture and history.
    Today the history prescribes and studies at various levels, are the creation of last 200 years during the British rule. No attempt has been made to correct the chronology mis-representated and omitted by default or design.
    How come, no worthwhile archaeological researches have been carried out without the preconceived knowledge derived from the same British History books.
    Indian government should carry out a major overhaul of Indian History and make necessary corrections without the biased views of contemporary history.
    Declaring Indian heritage older than the European culture will certainly hurt the Western thoughts. Majority of Western history stops at Egypt (that too with complete guess-works, they were rather more interested in the wealth buried in the pyramids).
    Western historians rarely discus about Ancient India, Far East Asia and Chinese histories because Firstly, they hardly know about them and Secondly, they do not want to see themselves inferior.
    Its high time to conduct a massive study in a scientific manner to correct the Indian history.
    Ashokavardhan of Gupta dynasty has been confused with another namesake of Maurya dynasty–hence the error of approximately 1200-1500 years,

  14. Rajesh says:

    dis artical was a wonderfull attempt by Vibhanshu….bt as most of readers knows dat exept d few dates mostly timeline is wrong….becoz i hav researching bout dis from last 2 yrs and wat i beleive d war of Mahabharta’s time is near bout 1500 BC and nearly dat time was d downfall of d Indus Civilization and wen 1922 archeologist found d ruins of ancient cities Mohan-Jodaro and Harappa…..they found both cities were Radio-Active means wat scientist bleave d reason of Radio-Active they said there hav been a use of Nuclear-Weapon or same destructible Force……and even in d Mahabharta,Brahm-Astar found to b very much Destructible…..so wat scientist beleive there was a use of Nuclear-weapeon or some similar destructible force dat could b Brahm-astar used by Arjun in Mahabharta……
    and another thing at d Time period of d indus Civilization same time period was Ancient Sumerians……exept d language and few other things both civilizations were d same…..Sumerians beleived there were 12 deities of Heaven and same was in Indus civilization and modren Hindu culture there are 12 deities of Heaven…..and near about 3000 BC Egyptions civilization came from nowhere…..
    Sumerian,Indus Valley and d Egyptions were d first 3 civilizations of Mankind…….
    but as d Rathiraj said after british came to india they hav created 2 much confusion bout indian culture……

  15. R. K.RATAN says:

    hey my sweet friend i feel that you did mistake to written India’s dynasty. so please read a true history book and improve your mistakes. I hope that you will take necessary action about it.

    I want that you be happy and your site always go to success.

  16. sud says:

    Whatever mentioned here is the dating of puranic records of all indian dynasities by our own ancient astrologers and not some british colonials… For those who want to prove this worn come and give evidence of how it is wrong…. Second dont give those british crap theories here…You sound like a colonial slave…!!!

  17. MK says:

    1)Everybody who posting here does not know no history correctly.
    2)They knew history which was written by European indologists who have no history and knows no history.
    3)What is told here are true and thats not complete there are other books (kota)which also tell the same history that is posted in the blog.
    So please don’t comment unless you know.
    Thank You

  18. Jaydeepsinh V Rathod says:

    I totally endorse the views in support of this chronology.

    Time will prove the currently accepted history as quite bunkum. Unfortunately, most people are ready to accept whatever is readily available. They never try to find how the currently accepted chronology of India was arrived at.

    Those who object to it are those who need to dwelve deeper into our ancient books. The Britishers totally disrespected what was written in our books regarding our own history & created a revised history of India that suited their whims & fancies.

    Indeed, what we read as unquestioned facts in textbooks are not facts but conjectures.

    The Rajatarangini, the Matsya, Vayu, Brahmanda & Vishnu Purana, the Nepalarajavanshavali, etc. do not support this current chronology. The Mauryas certainly were 1200 years earlier than is currently accepted.

    People need to be more interested in history. If you make personal inquiries you will know how much the chronology of our ancient history has been mangled & fudged.

    Infact there is an urgent need to carry out archaeological excavations throughout India. Archaeology in India is a very neglected field and the ASI is quite overwhelmed due to its insufficient resources.

  19. Jigar Parekh says:

    You have shown Bindusar and Chandragupta maurya during around 1500 BC while you have shown the invasion of Alakzander in around 350 BC how can it bee possible… Chandragupta maurya nad Alekzander were at the same time….

  20. MK says:

    You have shown Bindusar and Chandragupta maurya during around 1500 BC while you have shown the invasion of Alakzander in around 350 BC how can it bee possible… Chandragupta maurya nad Alekzander were at the same time….
    See this an example of history created by the british.he tells that maurya and alexander were at the same time.Truth is
    Chandragupta Maurya>Bindusar(son)>Ashokvardhan(grandson) in 15th Century BC
    Chandragupt Vijayaditya(gupt)>Samudragupt or Ashoka the great in 4th Century BC

  21. Bharat G. Thorat says:

    whatever mentioned in this article is quite unfaithful. because as we have proved that aryan invasion occurred during the 2000 B.C. so how it could be possible to write rig veda before that. Because the people who existed then neither have knowledge of sanskrit nor of brahmi(much ancient even before sanskrit). Aryans came to the India in 2000 B.C. and it is proved with evidences, everyone knows, then there is no any sense to believe that Ramayana and Mahabharat were occurred before that, because all the characters from both were proved to be from Aryans clan. Now if we study the relations between the Aryans invasion and timeline of Mahabharat and Ramayana, then we may find some fictions not realistic one.

  22. MK says:

    “because as we have proved that aryan invasion occurred during the 2000 B.C”
    “Aryans came to the India in 2000 B.C. and it is proved with evidences”
    WE.Who is this we?And also what is the proof and evidence u r telling about.Nowadays everyone thinks AIT/AMT is false.

    “Because the people who existed then neither have knowledge of sanskrit nor of brahmi(much ancient even before sanskrit)”
    FYI Sanskrit is mother of all languages.But not everybody believe it

    “all the characters from both were proved to be from Aryans clan”
    Another mistake aryan are not clan.This not about clan wars.Aryan means noble

    This is an example of english education.Please try read correct books and then come.

  23. Prashantkrishnan says:

    I don’t think there was any Aryan invasion. These “Aryans” were Indians. Let’s examine whatever has been written here.

    It has been given that Chandragupta Maurya became the Emperor of Magadha in 1541 BCE.
    If this is so, then kaliyuga began on 3102 BCE and Chandragupta Maurya was crowned in 1561 Kali.
    Brihadratha dynasty started much before the war. Brihadratha’s grandson Sahadeva (not the Pandava) was crowned 15 years before the war, in BCE 3154, or 863949 Dvapara.
    If Kaliyuga started in BCE 3102, then Aryabhata was born in 476 CE. As for the proof, it is said that the Shaka era date is given. It might not be in this verse, but it can be in the next verse or so. And this will be true if Shaka era started in 78 CE. Is there any proof for this other than the fact that it is “well known” that way?
    I agree that if all this is true, Chandragupta Maurya conquered Magadha in 1541 BCE.
    Otherwise, had it been 322 BCE, then Kaliyuga would have started in 1883 BCE and Aryabhata would have been born in 1694 CE, which is impossible. Then Shaka era would have started in 1296 CE and now it would be 717 Shaka. That does not seem to fit.

    It is therefore more likely that all this content in the website is true except the time of the Brihadrathas.

  24. AVB says:

    Good Information. But one prominent thing is missing out…in AD section there is no mention of Marathas..which is quite surprising. Marathas ruled almost whole India (1630 to 1818 AD). During period of 1700 to 1761 almost whole India(From Atok (which is in Pakistan now) to South boundry of Tungabhadra. So please add that too as this was the only power which contantly fought with the outsiders

  25. Mahesh says:

    I liked your article.In reality 3012 is the assumed date of mahabharata war.But recently Prof Vartak of Pune has proved scientifically the dating of Mahabharata war around 5500 BC.He has used all the astronomical records mentioned in mahabharata along with modern software and reached this time period.Let’s for a moment assume the Mahabharata war is a myth,but then how’s it possible to set up all the astronomical records so accurately without any kind of software in those times and show up this exact period of the Mahabharata.Also recently the ancient underwater city of Sri Krishna’s Dwaraka has been located off the coast of cambay,which is carbon dated to around 5500 bc.Recently Aryan Invasion theory has been busted by Harvard University.This actually proves that the great Pandavas and Kauravas did fight only this planet 7500 year back.


  26. Dr S K Patwari says:

    A good inference supported by Datas and beliefs. Why we don’t believe our ancestors and stories circulating for thousands of year. Astronomy and mathematics Westerners are rejecting . They are not ready to accept even origin of numerals from India . Why do we want their endorsement on our views.

  27. Chatrapathi Kun says:

    I believe this will shut the gob of every person who believes that the timeline is wrong. I would ask them how they believe it is wrong. Firstly, I would say almost everything that the Western historians write in their papers and articles is based on the assumption that Chandragupta (Vijayagupta) or Chandragupta II of the Gupta Dynasty are the same and the poor people have no fault in this because when William Jones had mentioned the dates in his autobiography, he makes his own assumptions as to why he believes that when Alexander invaded it was Chandragupta Maurya and not Chandragupta II which is a flawed logic of his. If one believes that Indian History as the West believes and so do the Anglicized Indians believe, then PLEASE FOR THE SAKE OF HUMANITY EXPLAIN WHY THERE IS A GAP OF ALMOST 19CENTURIES from your supposed AGE OF INDUS CIVILIZATION WITH NO KING ? DID WE BECOME A MINI AFRICA (DARK CONTINENT) ? Oh wait!! I should say that if you do make up some excuse as an argument put forward by some Western Historian and when I mean Western I include the Anglicized Indians too, then do consider the Genetic Data at hand. Oh wait, you might even argue that some Western Historian said, it proves the baseless AMT then how would one explain the archaeological artifacts found in Kurukshetra which date to around 3000BC ? Someone was there who said He is skeptical if the Mahabharata war has happened I wonder if he was sleeping all these years disconnected from the Internet ? Refer to Narahari Achar’s work and as far as the dating of Rig Veda goes refer to the work of Srikanth Talageri and also of Subhash Kak. But one thing to look out for is that Subhash Kak too makes a mistake in assuming the date of Chandragupta Maurya so except for his historical timeline, his work is good.

  28. Chatrapathi Kun says:

    One more thing is that Vartak’s work is based on some wrong assumptions so his dating is off the table.

  29. Chatrapathi Kun says:

    @Prashantkrishnan: To clarify your doubt, the Brihadratas were the rulers of Magadha. Since you ask for verses which talk about them:
    ”Ata UUrdhvam pravakshyaami Maagadhaa ye Brihadhradhah
    puurvena ye Jaraasandhaat sahadevaanvaye nrupah”
    It talks about the Brihadrata’s after the death of Jarasandha(Marker 1). Then after this verse there is another one:
    “Mahapadmaabhishekaaththu yaavajjanma Pariikshitah
    ekameva sahasram thujyem panchashatotharam”
    It says that from Parikshit to Mahapadmananda 1500years have passed.
    “Pulomaastu tathaandhraastu Mahapadmaantarepunah
    anantaram shataanyashttaa shashttimshaththu samaastadha”
    It says from Mahapadmananda to Pulomas(Andhras) 836 years have passed.
    “Thaavathkaalaantaram bhaavya maandhraastaadaa Pariikshitam
    bhavishyate prasamkhyaataah puranajnyeteh shrutarshibhih”
    That(1500+836) period has passed since Parikshit to beginning of Andhras.
    The following verses which I have not listed but they are from the work of K.Venkatachalam in The Plot in Indian Chronology. Also refer to the Chronology of Ancient Bharat by Proff. K.Srinivasraghavan. Back to the following verses, they say that the Great Bear(Constellation) at Parikshit’s birth in Kritthika and after 2700 years in the time of Andhra Kings will be in Kritthika again. They talk about the astronomical journey of the Great Bear and then it says by the time time Andhra’s begin, the Kritthika will be in its 24th star century.
    Now, From the end of the 24th king eight Andhra kings ruled at Magadha for 106 years. The 24th king Siva Satakarni ruled till 2705th year from the Birth of Parikshit. From the 25th to the last Andhra King, 106 years. Therefore, 2811 years between Parikshit and the last Andhra king.
    There is some correction needed as to the Yugas because the number you gave for the Dvapara is wrong, you should consider that the Mahabharata happened in the Transitional Period between Descending Dvapara and Descending Kali Era which means in the 3976-3676BC. Because 1 Kalpa = 24,000 years and I will explain some other time why there is an error in the Yuga cycle. But for now just consider it exists.


    I am absolutely stunned at the revelations as above,without an iota of doubt we can claim that no other civilization like the aztechs, babylone, or Egyptian or chineese existed at such remoter times as our epics Ramayana and mahabharatha were very much in existence perhaps as an extension of much earlier epochs of times past….we must be justly proud that when European civilizations were in nomadic caves eating raw flesh perhaps even carrion our civilizations were in the highest proximity of its glorious existence….perhaps even the dark continent of Africa did not even boast of a cave-culture, the so-called Egyptian civilizations with its crude pyramids were much later into time compared to the times of ramayan. all this and more should necessitate more and more scientific research based on our state-of the-art methodology of modern science and its wide spread applications into such time-tested research material. whether what we lay claim justly is properly corroborated by archeological evidences is quite another question as it is purely circumstantial and depending upon what is unearthed….but then the quintessential aspect of research into the realms of the unknown and the possibility of proving it right by research finds and its corrolaries is what that should motivate us to newer pastures in this direction ….I want to make a fervent appeal to our scholars and researchers to direct their energies solely for this purpose and get their conclusions published in international journels…..?

  31. Saurabh Kaulagi says:

    Hello Sir,
    I am Saurabh Kaulagi from Solapur Maharashtra. I am from Bhargav gotra. I want to know about my kuldevata and kuldevi….

  32. mihir says:

    Nice article and good discussion in comments section! But I have a doubt if anyone can clear it , that. Would be great.
    As mentioned in this article , Asoka the great and son of bindusara Ashokavardan are two different person, is that correct ?
    Am not a historian but as far as I remember as per the school history books , Asoka the great was the son of Bindusara. Can anyone please clarify this .

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