Sakaldwipiya Brahmins or Bhojaka Brahmins, is a class of Hindu priests and Ayurveda teachers (acharyas). The Sakaldwipiyas are also known as Maga Brahmins also known as Maga Brahmins are the Suryadhwaja Brahmins, who however consider themselves to be distinct from the Sakaldwipiya/Bhojaka Brahmins.
The Sakaldwipiya Brahmin community of India identify themselves as having Iranian roots, and assert that they inherit their by-name maga from a group of priests who established themselves in India as the Maga-Dias or Maga-Brahmanas.
Whatever their original beliefs, by the time the Bhavishya Purana 133 was composed the Sakaldwipiyas were identified as devotees of Surya, Hinduism’s deity of the Sun . Subsequently, in Vrihata samhita, Varahamihira directs that the installation of the Surya images should be made by the maga, as they were the first to worship the divinity.
the images of Surya should be dressed like a northerner with the legs covered, that he should wear a coat and a girdle. The early representations of the divinity actually follow these injunctions, and early iconography depicts the deity in central Asian dress, replete with boots. In time, the alien features by either discarded or stories were inventing to interpret the others. Nonetheless, the use of the word Mihir in India to refer to Hinduism’s Surya is regarded to represent Sakaldwipiya influence, a derivation from Middle Iranian myhr, that is itself a post-4th century BCE development of another.
the Shakdwipi Brahamins do in fact appear to have been instrumental in the construction of Sun temples in different part of the country,to include Kashmir, Kathiawad and Somnath in Gujarat, Dholpur in Rajasthan, Hissar in Jodhpur, Bharatput and Khajuraho in Madhya pradesh, Konark in Orissa and Deo, Punyark, Devkund and Umga in Bihar.
Apocryphally, the Sakaldwipiya centre was at Magadha. According to their tradition, they were there allotted 72 principalities (purs), and were identified by their purs rather than by their lineage (gotras). In time they migrated in all directions, but retained their affiliation with the original purs (as opposed to identifying themselves with their lineage, their gotras), and are strict in their practice ofgotra and pur exogamy (unlike other Brahmins) and give it prime importance in arranging marriages; endogamy within one of their 74 paras is prohibited.
There are altogether 13 Śākadvīpī gotras: Kāśyapa, Garga, Pārāśara, Bhrigu/Bhargava, Kauṇḍinya, Kausala, Bharadwaj, Vasu, Suryadatta/Arkadatta, Nala, Bhavya Maṭi and Mihrāsu.
The Suryadhwaja have 5 gotras: Surya, Soral, Lakhi, Binju and Malek Jade.
Major Sakaldwipiya centers are in Rajasthan in Western India and near Gaya in Bihar.
The term ‘Bhojaka’ is popular in the western states while ‘Sakadvipi’ and its numerous variations is typical for the north and east. The terms ‘Graha Vipra’ and ‘Acharya Brahmin’ are common in Orissa,West Bengal and Rajasthan. One of the Sakaldwipiya groups, the ‘Suryadhwaja’ Brahmins, are endemic to Northern India and is the only Shakadwipiya group classified as Kashmiri Pandits.
The Bhojakas and sewaks are historically associated with several Jain temples in Gujarat and Rajasthan, where they serve as priests and attendants. Some of the Shakdwipi Brahmins of Bihar andUttar pradesh are Ayurvedic physicians, some are priests in Rajput families, while yet others are landholders.
A community called as Daivajna who speak Konkani hailing from Konkan area are believed to have descended from Magas.